Building Glossary

Glossary with 31 Building terms you need to know when undertaking a Building Project

Does Building Jargon sound like another language?

Well here is a Glossary with 31 Building terms you need to know when undertaking a Building Project…

4×2/6×2 – 2 standard sizes of timber, in imperial measurements – 90x45mm and 140x45mm

Architrave – The Finishing timber trim that surrounds windows and doors to cover the intersection between the door/window frame and the interior Gib Board

Bearer – A structural piece of timber which spans from one pile to another, supporting a Joist

Chippie – Carpenter

Code of Compliance– You as the owner, should notify the Council when work is completed and apply for a code compliance certificate (CCC). The Council will then make the final inspection and issue you with a CCC if satisfied on reasonable grounds that the completed work complies with your building consent.

Contingency– A reasonable financial buffer in a project budget to cover the unexpected.

Cornice – The Finishing timber trim that covers the Wall to Ceiling intersection on the interior of the house

Fascia – A finishing piece of timber at the outer edges of the roof, where the Guttering/Spouting is fixed to

Flashing – A shaped metal or PVC sheet that deflects water away

Floating Floor – An overlay flooring that is not nailed/glued or screwed but is usually interlocking

Flush – Flat or to align in the same plane (eg a flush door – without grooves or panels)

Framing – A collection of timber members creating a Wall/Roof/Floor Structure

Gib Board – A Plaster substrate packed between 2 paper sheets which is used to line the interior of walls and ceilings. Its is screwed and glued to the walls, and then is Gib Stopped

Go Off – When Concrete, Plaster etc. starts to set

Ground Clearance – The heights between the ground and the floor level

Joists – A piece of timber providing support for the flooring, spanning from 2 loadbearing elements eg, Wall/Bearer/Beam

Lintel – A beam (either in timber or steel) that sits over a door/window/opening that takes the structural loads from above and distributes them away from the door/window/opening

Load Bearing – Referring to a Wall that is designed to take loads from above

Nog – Also known as a dwang in the South Island, these are the central horizontal timber members in the wall framing

On the Piss – Not perpendicular and out of plumb

Pile – A 125x125mm post (generally) concreted into the ground, supporting a Bearer

Practical Completion– This is the point where all the building work is completed, in accordance with the contract, and the house is reasonably fit for occupation

Rafter – A piece of timber providing support for roof cladding

Roof Shout – A right of passage for all building projects, where the clients shout the chippies and subbies beers and food when the roof has been installed.

Screed – Typically a thin cement based layer on a floor to level and flatten the surface

Skirting  – The Finishing timber trim that covers the Wall to floor intersection on the interior of the house

Smoko – A break from work for a tea break

Soffit – The horizontal finishing board (typically a fibre cement sheet) that spans from the Fascia to the Exterior Wall

Sparkie – An Electrician

Stopping – A task undertaken by a Gib Stopper Subbie, to apply plaster over the joins and screw holes in the Gib Board, to a smooth finish in order to paint

Studs – The Vertical Timber members in the wall framing, often 2.4 or 2.7m high (which defines your ceiling height)

Subbie – A Sub-Contractor

Top/Bottom Plate – The continuous horizontal timber members at the top or the bottom of the studs in the wall framing

Trusses – A series of timber joined together (often in triangles) to create a larger structural member that can span wider spans than rafters

Variation- Any change (additions or omissions) to the scope of the project, the timescale in which the works are completed and the order or way in which the works are to be completed.

Contact us to arrange an initial consult call to discuss the building jargon on your project.

Quality is guaranteed

As you’d expect from the best Auckland and North Shore builders, our work is guaranteed.

Each home comes with the Master Build guarantee, for complete peace of mind. This is New Zealand’s most comprehensive 10-year building guarantee, and is provided via the New Zealand Registered Master Builders Association (RMB).

Service Areas

LC Designer Homes are custom builders and architectural designers covering the North Shore, Hibiscus Coast and parts of Rodney and central Auckland, NZ.

From Orewa, Silverdale, Whangaparaoa, Kaukapakapa, Greenhithe, Albany, Birkenhead and Takapuna, through to Ponsonby, Epsom, Remuera and Mt Eden.

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The next step to designing, building, renovating or recladding your home is to arrange an initial meeting to discuss your project, whether you’re just starting the process or you’ve already got some ideas.

Simply call us on 09 950 3385 or type a message for us below.

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